Good news: As of July 1st, 2013, a 10 year passport will be available for $160 (about double the previous cost of a 5 year passport, so it evens out). 5 year passports will cost $120 (from $87, I think it was).
Canadian Passport Related Articles that may be helpful:
- Using the Online EPass Form to Skip the Line At the Office
- Passports and Criminal Records&Charges
- Checking the Status of your Canadian Passport Application
This guide is written for Canadians applying for their passport in Canada and need it SOON.
The current processing times for a Canadian Passport (as of June 2013) are:
- Counter (ie: bringing it into an official Passport Canada Office): 10 business days
- By Mail: 20 business days
- Via An Agent (Such as a Canada Post Accepting Agent or Service Canada Receiving Agent): 20 business days
So, if you need your passport very quickly, you have no choice but to go to the counter at a Passport Canada Location.
"Express" and "Urgent" Classifications for Rush Canadian Passport Applications
There are two options: The "Express" and the "Urgent" option.
The Express option will have your passport ready in 2-9 business days. The Urgent option will get your passport processed in 24 hours, though people have received same-day passports before. These of course are what they aim for, your mileage may vary.
In order to qualify for the Express and Urgent options, one must bring proof of travel, such as an airline, bus or train ticket, a travel itinerary with proof of payment, or a written declaration if travelling by car (accepted at Passport Canada Officer's Discretion).
The Urgent service costs an extra $70 ($110 after July 1st, 2013) per application on top of the regular Passport Canada Fees. The Express service costs an extra $30 ($50 after July 1st, 2013) per application. I am unsure as to whether they would allow your application to be processed under the "Express" service if you were to need your passport in say, 10 days.
Pickup of your passport is available at the office where you left your application forms for an extra charge of $10 ($20 as of July 1st, 2013). Regular Passports are sent Xpresspost from Gatineau Quebec, so often getting them mailed to you would be almost as fast as picking up (unless Xpresspost loses your package).
Same Day Canadian Passports
Apparently it is possible to get a Canadian passport the same day.
Here's a comment from an anonymous poster in 2013 that is worth highlighting:
"We realized it was missing at 10 the night before our flight. Because of this page we got photos, filled out the paperwork, and arranged to have the references and guarantor show up at opening. We went 30 minutes before opening and were 6th in line. We were the first urgent application of the day. We told them we needed it by 1pm. They said to check at 12:45. We checked at 11:30 and got it, 4 hours after opening. Only paid the 24 hour fee. Thanks for this page."
Interesting that this individual brought the guarantor and reference to the office itself to eliminate any problems with verification or identification. I am assuming that only certain (bigger?) offices are able to provide this rapid level of service. But that's just a guess.
Here's a comment from an anonymous poster in 2009:
"I had a friend that had to travel on short notice (death in the family, but family lived in southern states). He was able to get his passport same day by going directly to the main office in downtown Toronto. It took most of the day and he had to show everything about the trip for proof (plane tickets, hotel reservations, etc). He went down the night before and stayed in a motel overnight in T.O, then got to the offices just when they opened and had it by the time they closed. So it can be done, as long as you can be there all day and have all the info."
I'm guessing that not all locations can do this, and they'll want to see plenty of proof for why you want one the same day (and it could take you all day too).
EPass doesn't exist anymore, so ignore the following crossed-out stuff, unless you want to read it for historical purposes.
Skip the Line with Passport Canada's EPass
If you are eligible, I highly suggest that you use the online Epass passport application form. By filling out most of the form online, you still have to go to the office, get a guarantor and get photos, but once you are at the office, they will let you skip to the front for doing their work for them. A couple hours savings here might mean your Canadian Passport gets done a day quicker. It also works as a double-check to make sure that your application is complete.